Direct seeding is a method for planting seeds that involves sowing them directly in the ground. Some crops are well suited to direct seeding while others are not. Factors that affect a plant’s ability to germinate include air and soil temperature, day length, moisture, soil content, microbial growth, etc. Some seeds may come with an organic or non organic coating designed to combat pests that may damage your seeds before they sprout. Various plants prefer different planting depths, so consult seed packets, or other sources if you are unsure. Also different methods for planting and watering can affect the depth you should plant.
An important part of direct seeding is the process of thinning; or removing the weaker sprouts. When you sow your seeds you should place more than you need because some won’t sprout, and others will be weak. The process of thinning varies from plant to plant but with row crops you usually use the following method:
Sow seeds in row at 1/2 to 1/4 of the desired spacing. For example: If your desired spacing is 3 feet, plant your seeds 1- 1.5 feet apart. Once the seeds sprout, use your hand or a garden tool to remove the weaker sprouts, making sure each plant has the appropriate final spacing. This will ensure that only the strongest sprouts are using up the precious soil and water in your parcel.
Here are some plants that are good for direct seeding: squash, cilantro, carrots, beans, sunflowers, marigolds.
Plants that are recommended for transplanting: chilis, tomatoes, gourds, melons, basil, oregano, thyme.