It’s time to start preparing your land for the next years planting cycle. Pull out the big weeds first, then dig in the softer ones to help build your soils. If you planted a cover crop this winter (such as the fava beans seen below) its almost time to turn them into the soil. Cover crops nourish the life giving microbes in the soil; these microbes infuse the soil with rich nitrogen compounds that plants love. If your cover crops go to seed they will use up the nitrogen.; so chop down your cover crop after they flower but before they form seed pods. You can either dig the cover crop into the soil, or remove them and compost them separately.